Kenya faces a high risk of terrorism, primarily due to activity by the Somalia-based Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Shabaab. The group has targeted Kenya in recent years and continues to pose a regional threat to the country.

The main targets of Al-Shabaab militants in Kenya, including Nairobi, may potentially include commercial establishments, hotels, Western diplomatic missions, Jewish and Israeli assets, foreign and local military assets, houses of worship, and transportation hubs. Additionally, regions bordering the Somali border should be avoided. Furthermore, violent crime, including gang activity, armed robberies, carjackings, muggings, and kidnappings, is a concern in Kenya.